By Gary Thomas
National science institutes of 15 nations that include the Royal Society have released joint statements addressing some of the major issues faced by the planet.
The ‘G-Science’ statements have suggested that governments have to use the help of the international research community to find organized novel solutions to fulfill the needs of energy and water concurrently; to develop resilience against technological and natural catastrophes; and to more precisely measure greenhouse gas emissions at a country level in order to ensure progress towards national and international goals.
According to a G-Science statement, shortages of energy and water will increase due to the occurrence of inefficiencies if both water and energy are not considered simultaneously. Hence, policymakers must design policies by considering the direct interplay between energy and water, with focus on efficiency and conservation.
The second G-Science statement highlights the systematic way to develop disaster resilience by evaluating future risks so that exposure to them can be effectively reduced. Besides usual risk surveillance, the statement suggests ways to develop catastrophic event resilience by upgrading building standards and public health systems, incorporating resilience power into development assistance programs, and implementing information technologies for rapid warning and response.
The third G-Science statement emphasizes on highly accurate standardized techniques to measure greenhouse emissions are necessary to assess the efficiency of national emission-reduction programs and for an international climate treaty. It proposes steps to be taken to bridge knowledge gaps in a few years. Yearly reports on greenhouse gas emissions and reductions by all nations, extensive deployment of metrology instruments, partnership to share latest data and technologies, and standardized evaluation techniques will be required to accurately monitor country-level greenhouse gas emissions. The necessity to establish international research programs to explore the opportunity for large-scale or faster emissions of greenhouse gases is also discussed in the statement.