The fundamental solution to “carbon peaking and carbon neutrality” is to shift conventional energy consumption toward a low-carbon environment. A power system powered by new energy sources can ensure low-carbon energy transformation.
A collaborative research team led by the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Shanghai Advanced Research Institute and Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications suggested a new multidisciplinary approach to assisting future power systems in meeting low-carbon emission targets.
On May 19th, 2023, the findings were published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
Using large-scale electric vehicle clusters as a case study, the investigators proposed a framework of interactions with the physical flow, behavioral flow, and information flow.
They looked at the physical characteristics of electric vehicle clusters that provide power system reserve from the standpoints of performance, resource aggregation, scheduling strategies, and market mechanisms.
The researchers then emphasized the significance of social factors, suggesting a hybrid simulation technology that incorporates human participants and computer multi-agents to address the problem of heterogeneity in users’ decision-making behavior.
Furthermore, potential solutions for global communication coverage, frequency band interference and avoidance, communication security, and priority protection were discussed, and priority protection was customized.
The research provides technical support and feasible directions for a variety of distributed reserve resources, like large scientific installations, office buildings, and industrial and agricultural production loads, which can improve future power systems’ flexibility.
Wu, J., et al. (2023). A review of key technologies in relation to large-scale clusters of electric vehicles supporting a new power system. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2023.113351.