Biomass resources are currently greatly underutilized in the United States
and countries around the world. If effectively exploited, these resources can
reduce our dependency on foreign oil while alleviating several environmental
Forests are prime candidates for improvement in biomass utilization. In the
harvesting of a tree, approximately 40% of the biomass is either burned or treated
as a waste problem. This waste biomass can be utilized as the feedstock for
fermentation processes that could produce ethanol, industrial chemicals and
ruminants for animal feed. Ethanol production from plant substrates requires
the development of an efficient pretreatment process for increasing the susceptibility
of woody biomass to hydrolytic enzymes. Pretreated biomass substrates can then
be hydrolyzed to glucose and converted to ethanol by conventional yeast fermentation.
Biomass produced ethanol can displace gasoline usage, thereby reducing oil consumption
while lowering air pollution.
Aphios has developed an improved biomass pretreatment process [the CFC process]
that has the combined capability to defibrate biomass at low operating temperatures
and fractionate wood into its constituents. We have demonstrated that the CFC
process is technically feasible with several advantages over conventional steam
explosion pretreatment. These conclusions are based on: (1) high enzymatic conversion
efficiencies to ethanol (CFC was 60% more effective than steam explosion in
pretreating white pine, 300% better in pretreating newsprint and just as effective
in pretreating red oak): (2) biomass recovery yields were much higher with CFC
(between 95% and 99%) than steam explosion (often less than 80%); (3) operating
conditions of temperature and time were lower for CFC than for steam explosion.
The LAS MkII Scintillometer by Kipp & Zonen can detect sensible heat fluxes over long distances, up to 4.5km.
The Vocus CI-TOF from TOFWERK provides real-time chemical ionization measurements.
The Hiden LAS provides leak analysis of sealed packages.
Ahead of The Greener Manufacturing Show in Cologne on the 9th and 10th of November 2022, AZoCleanTech spoke with Peter Sarno, event director of the show, about the push for sustainable industrial solutions.
Following on from the Contamination & Geotech Expo, AZoCleantech speaks with Barnaby Hayward from P&D Marine Services about his involvement in the clean technology sector and the company’s innovative water management solution - the Jellyfishbot.
Vijay Madlani - Katrick Technologies
AZoCleantech speaks to the Co-CEO of Katrick Technologies to discuss the company's innovative wind panel solution designed with aerofoils to harness energy that can be routed directly to the grid or battery system.