In light of the growing scarcity of oil resources, biofuels constitute an alternative solution, since they can serve as a complement to fossil fuels. As part of its policy aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the European Union is requiring that renewable energy sources be increased to 10% of global fuel volume by 2020. Unlike first generation biofuels, the production of second generation biofuels uses only the non-edible part of the plant.
The French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) is launching the first phase of a project to build a biomass conversion pilot unit that will transform agricultural and forestry residues into second generation biofuel, in Bure Saudron, which is located 80 km from Nancy in northeastern France. The CNIM group (Constructions Industrielles de la Méditerranée) will be the project’s general contractor. Air Liquide, a partner on this project, will be supplying key technologies needed to transform synthesis gas into biofuel.
Air Liquide Engineering and Construction teams (notably through its subsidiary Lurgi) are responsible for coordinating some of the technical engineering operations and process steps downstream, from gasification through final biofuel upgrading. Air Liquide will also provide oxygen and hydrogen. Oxygen is a required component of the gasification process, and hydrogen is used to enhance the quantity and quality of the synthetic fuel produced.
The demonstration unit, which combines in a single facility all of the various second generation biofuel production elements, will be the first production unit of this kind in France.
François Darchis, Senior Vice-President Air Liquide Group, in charge of R&D, Advanced Technologies and Engineering & Construction, declared: “We are delighted to have been entrusted by the CEA and the CNIM group to provide the technological expertise for this demonstration project based in France, which represents a significant step forward in the development of biofuels. This project is in line with the Group’s approach to sustainable development. Energy and the Environment are two growth drivers for the Group.”